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Tuesday, June 9, 2015

A unique Renassaince "ideal town" - architecture of Zamość in Poland | IN MY LENS


architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town.


I always wanted to see the town of Zamość in Poland. I knew it already from my architecture history lectures as the city of Zamosc, a UNESCO site, is in terms of architecture totally unique. It was a vision of Jan Zamoyski, Polish aristocrat, come true. It has been designed from ground in 1580 by one architect, hired by Jan Zamoyski Bernardo Morando, and built according to his project as an "ideal city". Wondering its the streets you actually have impression of being in a city designed perfectly according to human needs and human scale.

To talk about Zamość and not see its plan is not possible, so take a glimpse at the plan:

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
source

Its plan resembles shape of a man with the Castle, the seat of Jan Zamoyski, as its head, Main Market Square with the Town Hall - the heart etc. Look at the fortifications around the city - these are modern fortifications - huge bastions made of brick and earth. They were extremely effective, as fortress Zamosc has never been beaten.


Its architecture unfortunately suffered when Poland was annexed to Russia (XVIII century) and all Polish-like element were deliberately destroyed. Some of them were rebuilt however when we got our independence back (123 years later). The city still impresses with its perfectly preserved urban grid and sensational fortifications that made it Zamosc was impregnable..


architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
Synagogue, built by Morando in 1610-20. Look at the typical for Poland, beautiful attic.

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
Salt Market

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
Renaissance vault in Zamość cathedral

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
Ormian townhouses

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
The Townhall with a stunning staircase built in XVII century.
architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
A court in the center of the city

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
The fortifications and the cathedral

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
The fortifications inside

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
My son and I in a zoo in Zamość :)

See Zamosc from above:

architecture of Zamosc, Poland. Renessaince ideal town
source


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